A. Diez-Escudero et al. High-aspect-ratio nanostructured hydroxyapatite: towards new functionalities for a classical material. Chemical Science

A. Díez-Escudero, M. Espanol, M.P. Ginebra. High-aspect-ratio nanostructured hydroxyapatite: towards new functionalities for a classical material. Chemical Science 2023.

doi: 10.1039/d3sc05344j

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite-based materials have been widely used in countless applications, such as bone regeneration, catalysis, air and water purification or protein separation. Recently, much interest has been given to controlling the aspect ratio of hydroxyapatite crystals from bulk samples. The ability to exert control over the aspect ratio may revolutionize the applications of these materials towards new functional materials. Controlling the shape, size and orientation of HA crystals allows obtaining high aspect ratio structures, improving several key properties of HA materials such as molecule adsorption, ion exchange, catalytic reactions, and even overcoming the well-known brittleness of ceramic materials. Regulating the morphogenesis of HA crystals to form elongated oriented fibres has led to flexible inorganic synthetic sponges, aerogels, membranes, papers, among others, with applications in sustainability, energy and catalysis, and especially in the biomedical field.

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